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Modern Farming using Hydroponics

Zambezi Hydroponics ProjectKEMI plans to establish an hydroponic farming demonstration centre.

Sustainable Development Goals as adopted by the global community in transforming the world through the 2030 agenda has captured the attention of the world economies. In this breath, Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) through Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG4) on ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education and promoting lifelong learning opportunities for all is vital in spearheading the realization of Sustainable Development Goals in the global economy. There is growing international concern about global warming which is a scientific theory that predicts that increases in carbon dioxide and other atmospheric gases may produce significant climatic changes over the next century. This concern is only one of a number of areas where population and economic growth have threatened to have significant impacts upon the global environment. Other concerns include increasing evidence of widespread damage from acid rain; the appearance of the Antarctic "ozone hole," interpreted by some as the harbinger of global ozone depletion that threatens to remove the shield that protects organisms from harmful ultraviolet radiation; deforestation, especially in the tropical rain forests, which may upset global and local ecological balance; and a depletion of genetic resources that arises from urbanization and other impacts upon major ecosystems.

Zambezi Hydroponics ProjectGlobal environmental glitches raise a host of major policy inquiries. They are all scientifically complex and controversial, and no scientific consensus is likely to emerge until irreversible decisions have been made. The costs and benefits of these changes transcend national boundaries, and nations, which cannot appropriate the global costs and benefits of such changes, are unlikely to be able or willing to make efficient decisions on how to combat these global externalities. In addition, these concerns sometimes have impacts over hundreds of years and thereby worry political decision making, which often functions effectively only when the crisis is at hand.

This project considers some of the economic issues involved in deciding how to react to the threat of global warming. Agriculture is the most climate-sensitive of the major sectors. Studies suggest that global warming will reduce yields in many crops. On the other hand, the associated fertilization effect of higher levels of carbon dioxide will tend to raise yields, particularly in C3 species

Zambezi Hydroponics ProjectIn response to the threat of global warming, a wide variety of responses is available. A first option, taking steps to slow or prevent global warming, has received the greatest public attention. Most policy discussions have focused on reducing energy consumption or switching to non-fossil fuels, while some have suggested reforestation to remove Carbon Dioxide from the atmosphere. One important goal of policy should be cost-effectiveness--structuring policies to get the maximal reduction in harmful climatic change for a given level of expenditure. A second option is to offset global warming through climatic engineering. Measures in this category include urban farming and changing water flows to cool the earth. A final option is to adapt to the warmer climate. Adaptation could take place gradually on a decentralized basis through the automatic response of people and institutions or through markets as the climate warms and the oceans rise. In addition, governments could prevent harmful climatic impacts by land-use regulations or investments in research on living in a warmer climate.

Zambezi Hydroponics ProjectIt would be sensible to take modest steps to slow global warming while avoiding precipitous and ill-designed actions that may later be regretted by Improve Knowledge. A first set of measures should aim to improve our understanding of global warming. This why KEMI has taken the initiative to sensitize Kenyans on ways of curbing effects of global warming by wanting to establish a demonstration site for hydroponic farming. Considering the advantages of this kind of farming being: Ability to farm Off-season crops, Allowing  the establishment of the most suitable climatic conditions for each crop and stage, yielding Biggest productions and better quality, Greater control of pests, weeds and diseases, weeds and diseases, Greater protection and / or control against extreme weather conditions,  More efficient use of productive resources, allowing for greater safety and comfort performing crop tasks, high production and performance of the crop, more efficient use of inputs in irrigation, fertigation and hydroponics, adaptable to every weather condition, ensures the development of plants through the year, offers cheap solution for small crops, Easy installation and greenhouses maintenance and better selling prices and investment recovery.

Zambezi Hydroponics ProjectGlobally, sustainable development goals have been adopted by the UN to address the numerous sustainable development challenges that range from climate change, loss of biodiversity, food insecurity and high level of poverty among others. This is in line with Agenda 2063 of the African Union, which calls for action on catalyzing education and skills revolution to build knowledge, human capital, capabilities and skills to drive innovations on the continent. Similarly, Kenya is committed to integrating the principles and practices of sustainable development into all aspects of education and learning to promote knowledge, values and attitudes with a view to creating a more sustainable and just society for all. However, the country still faces a myriad of challenges including poverty, unemployment, inequality, environmental degradation, climate change and variability, infrastructure gaps and food insecurity among others. The Kenya vision 2030 is aimed at achieving sustainable development.

Zambezi Hydroponics ProjectThe Ministry of Education (MoE) has developed Education for Sustainable Development Policy for the Education Sector and formulated measures to address the aforementioned challenges. KEMI an agency of MoE is mandated to conduct research and build capacity of education managers. Towards this end, KEMI proposes to establish a demonstration site for a greenhouse and hydroponic farming as one of the projects in Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) as well as build capacity of education managers in ESD to facilitate the achievement of SDG4, for realization of all the SDGs as well as the Kenya vision 2030. One of the projects that KEMI wishes to carry out is teaching on smart farming which is cost effective and non-labor intensive and some of the crops to be used include: Tomatoes, Capsicum, chilies, melons, cabbages, Leek Broccolis, Lettuces, cauliflower, kales, herbs, spinach, local vegetables, strawberries Spinach, local and indigenous vegetables  and herbs. These plants will be separated depending on longevity; annual, bio annual and perennials. This can be done in plastic and net greenhouses as well as by involving vertical and raised farming using net and plastic tubes, plastic cups, aluminum trays and wood.

Zambezi Hydroponics ProjectThe Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) Strategy creates an overall re-orientation of education through formal, informal and non-formal learning to enhance implementation of sustained development across sectors. All stakeholders are encouraged to develop and implement their specific sector ESD Strategies in order to pull together towards enhancing sustainable development for Kenya. The ESD Strategy for Kenya was a response to the United Nations declaration to designate the period from 2005-2014 as the Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (DESD).  The Strategy provides an opportunity for educating the Kenyan people on the importance of sustainable development and the contribution of various stakeholders.

Aspects of Biodiversity, Climate Change, Disaster Preparedness, Cultural Diversity, Indigenous Knowledge, Poverty Reduction, Gender Equality in Education, Health Promotion, Peace and Human Security and Water will be the focus of training using the project once established.

The KEMI ESD team visited the Hydroponic Africa to learn. The team was amazed to learn other innovative ways of farming whereby soil is not a necessity. KEMI has plans of establishing a demonstration centre for Hydroponic farming at KEMI. She has therefore collaborated with EPTF to actualise this. KEMI is still searching for other willing partners to raise 2.2 Million to establish the centre and train at least 56 education managers and leaders on this.

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